Insignia and Ranks of the Order


Use of the Uniform

Members may not wear the uniform or even the cape in public functions and ceremonies without prior authorization from the respective Lieutenancy or Magisterial Delegation, as well as that of the Lieutenancy or Magistral Delegation where the function or ceremony takes place.

Insignia

Knights Insignia

Knights receive three different insignia bearing the Jerusalem Cross.

No two insignia are worn together. In other words, Knights of any rank should not wear the neck insignia with the miniature insignia or the lapel pin.

Ties, cufflinks and shirt studs bearing the Jerusalem Cross may be worn in connection with the ceremonies of the Order or whenever the Knights are representing the Order.

The Lapel Pin – a small lapel pin, called a rosette, is included in the Knight’s insignia. It’s size and design indicates the Knight’s rank. You may wear, and are encouraged to wear, the rosette on any business suit. This is an important witness of the member’s commitment to the Order.

The Miniature Insignia – the miniature insignia consists of a small cross or star of rank suspended from a narrow black silk ribbon which itself is suspended from a small gold pin enameled with stripes of gold and white, the colors of the Holy See. It has the appearance of a traditional miniature military medal and is worn in place of the neck insignia.

The miniature insignia may be worn on the left side of black tie attire (tuxedo) and the equivalent attire for ladies.

The Neck Insignia – The neck insignia with the Order’s cross and, for higher ranks, with star, is the principle insignia of the Order and is worn with white tie and tails; specifically, at the Investiture Ceremony and formal dinner.

Knight (KHS) and Knight Commander (KCHS)

The principal insignia for these ranks is the neck insignia with a Jerusalem suspended from a military trophy on a narrow black watered silk ribbon. The Knight Commander Cross is larger than that of the Knights.

It is to be worn with formal attire (white tie). The neck insignia is worn underneath the white tie and tied tightly around the neck. The military trophy should not hang loosely around the neck but should hang directly beneath the tie.

Knight Commander with Star (KC*HS)

In addition to the neck insignia, Knight Commanders with Star are entitled to wear, with formal attire, a large, eight pointed silver star, charged with a small cross surrounded by a gold circle bearing a green laurel wreath.

Knight Commanders with Star wear both the neck insignia and the star with formal attire (white tie and tails) and other decorations of the Order.

Knight Grand Cross (KGCHS)

This is the highest rank for Knights below Knight of the Collar, who are appointed by the Grand Master in Rome. Knights Grand Cross wear a large Jerusalem cross and military trophy suspended from a wide black sash (baldrick) with formal attire. A large eight pointed silver star charged with a large Jerusalem cross is worn on the left breast.

The sash is worn diagonally over the right shoulder with the Jerusalem cross on the left hip. The sash and star are only worn with formal attire (white tie and tails). The sash is worn under the waistcoat except in the presence of a head of state; in which case it is worn over the waistcoat.

The star is pinned to the lower portion of the left side of the tail coat. It is never worn around the Knight’s neck or pinned to the outside of the cape.

Ladies Insignia

The principal insignia of the Ladies of the Order is the Jerusalem cross worn suspended from a black silk ribbon and worn around the neck. Ladies insignia are distinct from the Knights insignia in that the Jerusalem Cross is pendent from a bow rather than the military trophy.

For social daytime or evening attire, Ladies of the Order may detach the Jerusalem cross from its ribbon and wear it hung from a gold chain. Wearing the Jerusalem cross is a witness of the Lady’s commitment to the Order.

Ladies may also wear the emblem stickpin at any time, but not with any other insignia of the Order.

Lady (LHS) and Lady Commander (LCHS)

The Jerusalem cross should be worn as described above. The cross of a Lady Commander is larger than that of Ladies.

Lady Commander with Star (LC*HS)

Similar to Knights Commander with Star, Lady Commanders are entitled to wear both the Jerusalem cross and a large eight pointed silver star, charged with a small cross surrounded by a golden circle bearing a green laurel wreath.

Because the star is heavy and may be difficult to pin on certain fabrics, it is also appropriate to wear it suspended from a black ribbon in which case the cross is not worn.

Lady Grand Cross (LGCHS)

This is the highest rank for Ladies, who receive a large Jerusalem cross and golden bow suspended from a wide black sash. A large eight pointed star, charged with the Jerusalem cross is also worn.

The sash is worn diagonally over the right shoulder with the Jerusalem cross on the left hip. The sash is worn only with white-tie formal attire.

The star is pinned on the left side of the dress or suspended from a black ribbon. It is never pinned to the outside of the cloak.

Because the star is heavy and may be difficult to pin on certain fabrics, it is also appropriate to wear it suspended from a black ribbon in which case the cross is not worn.

Knight or Lady of the Collar

The Collar is conferred on the most eminent persons, ecclesiastic or lay, of the highest dignity, in most exceptional cases. This rank is rarely conferred. It is due by right to the Cardinal Grand Master and the Latin Patriarch and is granted to certain members of the Grand Magisterium.

The Pilgrim Shell

As stated earlier, the Pilgrim Shell is awarded to Knights and Ladies who complete a pilgrimage to the Holy Land that includes visiting works of the Order, education on the situation among the Catholic population in the Holy Land and praying at the Church of the Holy

Sepulchre. Normally it is presented by the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, or his representative, and consists of a scalloped shell in silver in the center of which is placed the Jerusalem cross in red, bordered in gold. The shell reminds us that we are all pilgrims on earth, members of a pilgrim Church. It is also a pledge to aid the needy, especially in the Holy Land.

While not officially presented with the Pilgrim Shell, a, miniature Pilgrim Shell may be purchased. Knights and Ladies who have made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land are encouraged to wear the miniature Pilgrim Shell with, or instead of, the rosette.

The Pilgrim Shell is pinned to the center of the Jerusalem cross on the cape of both Knights and Ladies. The flat side of the shell is worn up. Except for the special Jubilee 2000 medal, this is the only decoration worn on or outside the mantle.

The Pilgrim Shell, or its miniature, should be worn on anything except casual attire during the Lieutenancy’s annual meeting. The miniature Pilgrim Shell may be worn at any time with business attire.

The Pilgrim Shell should be worn with formal attire (white tie), dinner jacket (black tie), or with business attire at Order-related functions. Both Knights and Ladies should wear the Pilgrim Shell, or its miniature, on the left shoulder of any attire, other than casual attire, and above any other insignia or decorations, except the Jubilee 2000 medal.

The Pilgrim Shell can be worn with any other of the Order’s insignia.

Clergy Insignia and Decorations

Clergy knights of the Order wear a mozzetta with biretta.

When wearing choir dress, the mozzetta is worn over the cassock of the color appropriate to the cleric’s ecclesiastical rank, with a rochet and biretum.

Priest-knights wear their insignia of rank, pendent from the neck. The insignia are identical to those of the lay knights.

For the celebration of Mass, concelebrants wear the Mass vestments with no insignia. Non- concelebrants are to wear choir vesture as detailed above.

For non-liturgical occasions, the clergy wear cassock, sash, ferraiolone and insignia.

Palms of Jerusalem

The Palm of the Order bears on its face the Cross of Godfrey de Bouillon on a shield of gold, silver or bronze, surmounted by the motto “Deus lo vult.” The entirety surrounded by two Palms in elliptic form, one with olive branches, the other with branches of laurel, enameled in green. On the reverse side is engraved the inscription “Palma Equestris Ordinis Sancti Sepulcri Hierosolymitani.”

Those decorated with the Palm or the Order wear the Palm on their left chest, hung on a ribbon of watered black silk.

Other Decorations

Knights and Ladies who have been awarded other decorations for military or governmental service or who have received other Papal honors or belong to other Catholic orders (for example, the Order of Malta) may wear these decorations at the same time as those of the Equestrian Order.

Generally, decoration of other orders should be worn in miniature on the left side, arranged from right to left in decreasing order of rank or with the most recent decoration to the left.

Only one neck cross may be worn.

Awards of Merit

The Constitution of the Order provides in unusual circumstances the awarding of honors to persons of unquestionable moral conduct in recognition of particular meritorious charity in the Holy Land. Such persons do not assume responsibilities imposed on Knights and Ladies. The recipients do not receive the title Knight or Lady of the Order.

Insignia of Merit are of three classes: Cross of Merit; Cross of Merit with Silver Star; and Cross of Merit with Gold Star. Merit emblems are worn similar to those insignia bestowed upon Knights and Ladies of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem. No capes are worn and award of the Cross of merit does not confer membership in the Order.

Insignia and Apparel Guide

Knights

Business Attire/Dark Blazer, white shirt and tie

Black Tie/Tuxedo

White Tie and Tails

Cape and Beret

Yes

Yes

Yes

Rosette (Lapel Pin)*

Yes

Yes

No

Miniature Insignia *

No

Yes

Yes

Neck Insignia*

No

No

Yes

Star Insignia**

No

No

Yes

Sash with Star

No

No

Yes

Pilgrim Shell

Yes (miniature)

Yes

Yes

*Only one insignia of rank should be worn at a time
**KC*HS wear both the Star and Neck Insignia as one Insignia

Ladies

Dress attire/Black Dress, Black Hose and Black Shoes

Social Daytime Attire

Formal Evening Attire (ankle length dress)

Cape, Mantilla, gloves

Yes

No

Yes

Rosette (Stick Pin)*

Yes

Yes

No

Miniature Insignia*

Yes

Yes

Yes

Neck Insignia*

No

No

Yes

Star Insignia as a pin or on ribbon**

No

No

Yes

Sash with Star***

No

No

Yes

Pilgrim Shell

Yes (miniature)

Yes

Yes

*Only one insignia of rank should be worn at a time

**LC*HS wear both the Star and Neck Insignia as one Insignia; however, when the star is worn suspended from the neck, the neck cross is not worn.

***LGCHS wear both the Star and Sash as one Insignia; however, the star may be worn suspended from the neck rather than pinned to the dress.